Glaucoma Treatments

How Do You Treat Glaucoma

and should I be tested

Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes the pressure inside the eye to be elevated ultimately damaging the optic nerve. Untreated glaucoma can cause blindness. All patients that have a routine eye exam will be screened for glaucoma. Dr. Cooksey and Dr. Apt are adept at treating glaucoma. Once a patient has been identified as having glaucoma they are monitored carefully for any decline in their vision. A Humphries Visual Field analysis or Ziess optic disc photo is taken every six months to ensure the treatment plan is adequate to control the patient’s glaucoma.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition where the nerve at the back of your eye, the optic nerve, is damaged. This can lead to loss of vision. In most cases, the damage to the optic nerve is due to an increased pressure within the eye. There are different types of glaucoma.

  • Chronic open-angle glaucoma (also called chronic glaucoma or primary open-angle glaucoma) is the most common type. This develops slowly so that any damage to the optic nerve and loss of sight are gradual. The term 'open-angle' refers to the angle between the iris and sclera which is normal, in contrast to:
  • Acute angle-closure glaucoma where the angle is narrowed. This is uncommon. In this condition there is a sudden increase in the pressure within one eye. The eye quickly becomes painful and red. A separate leaflet called Acute Angle-closure Glaucoma gives more details.
  • Secondary glaucoma is caused by various conditions which can cause a rise in eye pressure. For example, it may develop as a complication to some eye injuries.
  • Congenital glaucoma is where glaucoma is present from birth.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

There are usually no symptoms at first. There is no pain or redness in the eye. Most people with glaucoma do not notice problems until quite a bit of visual loss has occurred. This is because the first part of the vision to go is the outer, or peripheral, field of vision. Central vision, used to focus on an object such as when we read, is spared until relatively late in the disease. Also, although glaucoma usually affects both eyes, it may not affect them equally. The better eye may fill in for a while if the other eye starts to lose patches of visual field.

Some elderly people with glaucoma put their gradually failing vision down to "just getting old". They might not have had their eyes checked for many years and may needlessly lose their sight. Untreated glaucoma is one of the world's leading causes of blindness. But, blindness can be prevented if glaucoma is diagnosed and treated early enough.

Because there are usually no symptoms at first but glaucoma then gradually causes blindness, screening for glaucoma is very important.

Who should be tested for glaucoma?

Everyone aged over 35 to 40 should have an eye check by an optician at least every five years. A check every two to three years is advised if you are aged over 50. Eye checks are particularly important if you are in any of the at-risk groups listed above. The eye check will detect early signs of glaucoma before any significant vision loss occurs. Most people with glaucoma have it detected at a routine eye check.

Certain people are entitled to free eye tests. For example, people aged over 40 with a mother, father, brother, or sister with glaucoma. If you have been found to have glaucoma, you should tell your close family members so that they can be tested.

Who should be tested for glaucoma?

Everyone aged over 35 to 40 should have an eye check by an optician at least every five years. A check every two to three years is advised if you are aged over 50. Eye checks are particularly important if you are in any of the at-risk groups listed above. The eye check will detect early signs of glaucoma before any significant vision loss occurs. Most people with glaucoma have it detected at a routine eye check.

Certain people are entitled to free eye tests. For example, people aged over 40 with a mother, father, brother, or sister with glaucoma. If you have been found to have glaucoma, you should tell your close family members so that they can be tested.

Cooksey Vision and Cosmetic Center provides Glaucoma Treatments for patients from greater Monroe, Northern Louisiana and Southern Arkansas and is conveniently located for patients traveling from West Monroe, Bastrop, Winnsboro, Rayville, Gilbert, Columbia, as well as Ruston, Calhoun, Choudrant and Eldorado Arkansas. To schedule an appointment for glaucoma treatments please call us in Monroe at (318)388-2020 or in Ruston at (318)255-9686.